Keeping the blogosphere posted on the goings on of the world of submarines since late 2004... and mocking and belittling general foolishness wherever it may be found. Idaho's first and foremost submarine blog. (If you don't like something on this blog, please E-mail me; don't call me at home.)

Thursday, December 22, 2011

'Twas the Night Before Christmas - Submarine Style!

The official Christmas video from the Submarine Force!



Whoever put this together did a pretty impressive job of coordination. BZ to them, and Merry Christmas to all Submariners and those who love them!

The Submarine Force normally does a good job of getting boats home for Christmas if at all possible. Here's a video of USS Miami (SSN 755) returning home to Groton last week after a five month deployment. That being said, there always have to be at least a few boats at sea for the holiday. What are your favorite (or most intense) submarine-related Christmas memories?

88 Comments:

Anonymous STS2 said...

On the louisville, we were on station for xmas, we had a blind auction on things and one of the guys in my division bought a box of chopsticks for $35. We all put chopsticks in the pen holder on our poopie suits, and after a week were told we had to stop because the command thought the chopsticks were some sort of anti-navy thing.

12/22/2011 7:51 AM

 
Blogger Ret ANAV said...

MSP, 29 December 2006, Plymouth, UK.

12/22/2011 8:33 AM

 
Blogger Ret ANAV said...

(Falls into the "Most-Intense" category, BTW)

12/22/2011 8:33 AM

 
Anonymous HMCM(SS) Retired said...

HGR SSN709, Christmas 1985, Outboard the tender in beautiful La Maddalena, Italy

12/22/2011 8:39 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Xmas, 1990, in a strip club in Charleston, SC. getting a BJ.

12/22/2011 8:45 AM

 
Blogger wtfdnucsailor said...

Christmas 1965 in Yokosuka, Japan. Christmas, 1966 underway in route to Naha, Okinawa instead of Hong Kong (last minute change - we were supposed to be in Hong Kong for Christmas); Christmas 1972 in the North Atlantic (as close as I am legally allowed to mention); and my last Christmas underway in 1981 in the Irish Sea on MODALERT so another SSBN could be in port for Christmas.

12/22/2011 9:11 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I spent 2 Christmases out at sea in a row due to the rotation of the boomer I was on.

But that was not as bad as the intentional inturruption of the July 4th surf/turf dinner that we experienced one summer. The jerk in charge of sending the messages out intentionally timed the message so that 5 minutes after dinner time on EVERY alert boat in the Atlantic had to respond to the message and go through the half-hour exercise.

I thought my CO was going to launch a missile at the comm center he was so enraged by the childish stunt to ruin a holiday dinner for everyone out at sea.

12/22/2011 9:55 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

STS2 @0751 - what year was that? I was on LOUISVILLE in 2002 and we were on station for Christmas - the CO and COB bought a bunch of kazoos and on Christmas Eve played Christmas carols on them on the mess decks.

12/22/2011 10:29 AM

 
Blogger GunBoss3974 said...

To this day one of my most memorable Christmas's ever was onboard USS TECUMSEH SSBN 628 Gold in 1982, the whole time we were alert there had been rumors of a P to A leak, as soon as we came of alert the nucs entered the RC and lo and behold the rumors were true. So stuck somewhere in the middle of the Atlantic we thought we had two choices, head back to the barn in Charleston and be home for Christmas as planned or go to Holy Loch for a quick turnaround repairs and make it home for Christmas...SUBLANT chose Holy Loch and the quick turnaround turned into weeks and Christmas was spent in the Loch broke. The decision was made not to fly the blue crew out so they got Christmas at home and we sat around wondering if and when we would ever get underway. It was a bit depressing but there was/is something special about that crew/boat (IMHO). So we MT's made a tree from cardboard and hung it on tube three, we made our own ornaments, using colored markers we colored a bunch of 387 light bulbs (used for the indicators for launcher) and wired them up to a battery. As I stood watch at Launcher in the Missile Compartment we sang carols on the 35MC. Our cooks made an outstanding meal of prime rib, lobster, turkey with all the fixin's and it was movie marathon on the mess decks. We were family, we are brothers. As I enter my 34th year of Naval Service every Christmas I remember this special time with a special boat and crew. If I don't get time to say it, Merry Christmas Shipmates.

12/22/2011 11:00 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I was always touched and thankful that the single guys stepped up during Christmas and traded duty days with guys who had families.

Thanks guys! ...and a Merry Christmas to you all.

Old chief from the dark ages
Jerry

12/22/2011 2:06 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Having midwatch back aft and finding a picture of a decorated pump in the night orders and looking up after a few minutes of midnight entry scribbling to see an alarm panel lit up with a christmas tree design for the midnight checks.

I could only bring myself to half-heartedly chastise the other ER watchstanders for their midnight entries that all had some form of merry christmas in them...and I'll admit that I let the AEA spread cheer around for a while with an EB red santa hat and blank-log-page beard.

12/22/2011 3:57 PM

 
Blogger FastAttackChief said...

I'm always surprised how creative our sailors got with the midnight entries for Christmas. I think the best I saw was someone make the entry so it spelled "Merry Christmas" vertically on the midnight entry. Has anyone ever taken a hit for by ISIC or NR for the logs being to creative?

12/22/2011 4:05 PM

 
Blogger Ret ANAV said...

It's been my experience that instructions regarding logs and records only direct WHAT to log, not HOW it is logged. As long as all the requirements are met, knock yourself out :)

12/22/2011 4:08 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Christmas 1980 heading home from WestPac, due to pull into homeport on December 23rd. Fortunately for us, on our recently completed upkeep in Guam, we had traded a broken piece of our hardware for a good one that belonged to a boomer, accidentally putting them in a significantly reduced status (the two parts looked identical, but it turns out they weren't quite the same). We got to pull into homeport a day early to give them back that piece of hardware so they could go on patrol on schedule. Christmas day on the beach and I met a young lady who called me something other than "Joe." It was a Merry Christmas all the way around.

12/22/2011 9:50 PM

 
Blogger -J.Darling said...

My Sailor is out for his very first deployment - Missing every holiday since Halloween and probably no contact for the rest of the run (whenever that ends). It's also our first married Christmas, so I know he's struggling. GREAT to hear read some of these and have peace of mind! I'm sure he'll find a way to have fun w/o us. I would love to read about any Christmas goodies the COBs or FRGs may have worked out that put a smile on your faces as well!

12/23/2011 12:07 AM

 
Anonymous STS2 said...

Anon...
It was Xmas 1998

12/23/2011 6:42 AM

 
Blogger chief torpedoman said...

... we made our own ornaments, using colored markers we colored a bunch of 387 light bulbs (used for the indicators for launcher) and wired them up to a battery.

387 bulbs? That bring back memories from Launcher watches. Do they still use those things.

I never had a Christmas at sea, but my thanks for your service to all that did.

12/23/2011 7:28 AM

 
Anonymous NHSparky said...

Christmas Eve, 1988--first underway on Buffalo, coming back from places unmentionable (think NUC time.) I got caught in FCML passageway, hauled down to Torpedo Room, taped, Mobil Red in shorts and t-shirt, hickies, and whiteout on forehead. Hauled up to mess decks and sat on the deck while crew was watching Sound of Music, one guy shoved me back (found out later XO was walking by.) Hauled back to horseshoe behind Maneuvering where E-Div Chief made them untape/ty-wrap me, and they sang, "We Wish You A Merry Christmas."

But standing RT later, "Santa" gave me some geedunk on watch--a big thing when you've been out for 60 days and that sort of thing is running way short.

12/23/2011 7:45 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

From a guy who has served his time and will never spend another holiday underway. Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays to all our service members and especially my submarine shipmates. To all those who have ever spent a holiday punching holes in an ocean somewhere keeping the rest of us safe thank you shipmates.

12/23/2011 7:54 AM

 
Blogger wtfdnucsailor said...

To j.darling - Not in any particular order since the same thing happened on a number of the boats I spent the holidays aboard-1) Mysterious boxes loaded into the torpedo room in August marked 'COB Only' that in December turned out to have two artificial Christmas trees, a Santa Suit, and stockings (with names and some personal gifts) for all the crew, married and not, that were distributed by "Santa" on Christmas Day; 2) The Wardroom spouses and girlfriends took pictures of their legs in net Christmas stockings and the Wardrooom had to select their significent other's legs (CO had the key so that corrections could be made when the wrong legs were selected); 3) Making cranberry and popcorn strings for the Wardroom Christmas tree since some of the ornaments were broken during some rough seaa; and 4) at home, holding a family Christmas party for the opposite crew making sure each child got a personal present including a message from their Dad that was taped before the crew left for patrol. Another moving moment at sea was the XO reading the Christmas gospel on the 1MC (Probably frowned upon in today's PC environment).

12/23/2011 9:16 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Xmas 83, two boats in PACFLT at sea on Christmas (us and the boat we were relieving). Mess crank spilled water into my plate (eggs actually float). On watch in ERLL singing a somewhat warped version of I'm dreaming of a WHITE Christmas (I was pumping bilges at the time) when the CO walks thru. I'm not sure if I'd ever seen him in the ER before, much less ERLL. I don't remember him saying anything....just a glare (in other words.....situation normal).

12/23/2011 11:28 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

USS Barbel SS-580. Christmas 1970, inport Yokosuka Japan. I was Duty Chief and "Hollywood" Art Van Saun was the Duty Officer. Art invited the duty section to join him for Christmas dinner in the Wardroom. Art showed us the most important gift he received from his wife, a knitted cock-sock with ball warmer.

USNS Kiska T-AE-35, Christmas 2004. Anchored out Koror Palau. Water temp 82 degrees, air temp low 90's. Progressive dinner ashore starting at the Jetty Bar and Grill with pupu's and the local brew, Red Rooster. Next moved to a restaurant for a full sitdown meal followed by kareoke.

USNS Kiska T-AE-35 Christmas 2006 anchored out Garapan, Saipan CNMI. A great three day run ashore!!!

Keep a zero bubble...........

DBFTMC(SS)USNRET

Bubblehead,
Just saw reference to Navy Times story about Kentucky CO fired--whats up with that??

12/23/2011 12:51 PM

 
Blogger DDM said...

We had a Christmas Tree contest on the 633B in 88 or 89. The MT's had a great tree made out of greenies, but the nukes won with a tree made out of old welding wire/rods, green sleeving, and light strings on the tree made by the ETs. We made ornaments out of light bulds of varying sizes. We mounted stockings (yellow booties) in the overhead of the Tunnel with everybody's first name on it, including the CO and XO.

12/23/2011 12:52 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

To bad we couldn't have a couple WWII Christmas stories appear this evening

Old TMCSS DBF

12/23/2011 6:13 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Did a port visit in Yoko during Christmas, early 90's. Met a lonely dependent wife whose husband was in the Gulf on a carrier.

Bonus for me! Banged her for a few days, got some good meals and bought my wife a nice diamond ring (had plenty of money since I was out on the Honch drinking).

Santa works in mysterious ways!

12/23/2011 7:25 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

From Gene Fluckey's "Thunder Below" -

At supper time on Christmas Eve, training paused. Someone had drawn a Christmas tree on the back of a chart and hung it on the bulkhead in the crew's mess. Others joined in and drew ornaments. A spirit of longing cheerfulness pervaded. Would that we could have Peace on Earth, Good Will toward Mankind.

In my cabin, I unwrapped a number of packages for the men sent to me by their sweethearts and families as a surprise, asking me to slip the Christmas present under our Christmas tree. The more I thought about our tree, the more it came alive. Its spirit grew until it became as precious as any tree in the whole world. I stopped, realizing the young child in me still wanted to believe in Santa Claus....

Buy the book and read it all - it's an important part of your submarine heritage!

12/23/2011 8:04 PM

 
Anonymous hamptonplankowner said...

From the willy r pig boat late 80s merry f#&%ng christmas

12/23/2011 9:59 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Going to Anderson AFB Exchange food court today, and seeing THAT video playing on the Air Force Command channel. Nuthin better than that!
Floriduh 1999, up for 2 days fixing the trash compactor, we'd only been on patrol for a week or two, finally we pulled a nook and had him weld the damn thing.


hagar

12/23/2011 10:04 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

USS HOUSTON (SSN 713) Christmas 2008 - our dbag captain got us underway on Christmas Eve for sea trials from PHNSY at the end of our DSRA, we had some major equipment break but couldn't pull in Christmas day to fix it because no one was working back in Pearl, so we pulled in on the 26th having accomplished nothing except pissing off the PHNSY engineers / techs who rode with us and missing Christmas. Talk about something that didn't need to happen.

12/23/2011 10:45 PM

 
Anonymous STSC said...

Underway for deployment, figured out I had remembered the candles, dreidels, and even some candy gelt, but forgotten the small menorah I take underway for Hannukah. E-div gave me a silver-colored piece of bus bar, A-gang gave me some pristine NiCu nuts, and using my own secret stash of MILSPEC (unauthorized but very useful when plastic connectors break) superglue, I hand-crafted a respectable menorah underway. One of my brother Chief's wives had made up peronalized little red stockings with names on them that the COB filled with gee dunk that were hung from the cabinets in the Quarters.. Next to all of them was a gold and blue crocheted stocking with a Star of David on it. I thought that was pretty cool and it made feel very included (first year Chief at the time). CO authorized open flame (but no smoking) in the Goatlocker and I was able to show and explain lighting the candles and playing dreidel to the Mess and later to the crew in CM.

12/24/2011 8:00 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

La Madd

*forgive me, I did 3 Christmas stops there and I can't remember which stop this was - late 80's or early 90's*


During this particular Christmas upkeep in La Madd, on New Year's Day, one of the Italian guards on the rock decided to stroll out of the guard shack and to the flag pole and shoot his head off. The liberty launches were secured for hours. It was a real downer.

ETC(SS) Juan Valdez

12/24/2011 9:46 AM

 
Blogger Erica R. said...

I have been married for almost 11 years and my husband and I have been fortunate enough to be apart for just two Christmases. The first one was because I was gone and this year it is because my husband is gone.

I guess he is on one of the few subs that are gone for Christmas.

When I was gone we had a door decorating contest and for once, one of the Divisions on Reactor Department actually placed. We drew a Homer Simpson getting electrocuted in a puddle of water and made a strand of lights soldered together with some wire and connected it to a 9 volt battery. Then we played some Christmas music. We got a runner up and won a day of special liberty. On Christmas Day I bagged the turbine generator watch. Not a shining moment for me but that is the way it goes sometimes. I slept right through my alarm clock.

12/24/2011 11:42 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Getting counter-detected by Santa Claus: that's going to be a critique.

12/24/2011 12:22 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Did a port visit in Yoko during Christmas, early 90's. Met a lonely dependent wife whose husband was in the Gulf on a carrier.

Bonus for me! Banged her for a few days, got some good meals and bought my wife a nice diamond ring (had plenty of money since I was out on the Honch drinking).

Santa works in mysterious ways!



Looks like you mispelled "Satan."

12/24/2011 12:49 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

On the Jesusfish, Naples 1988. USO got a bunch of tickets for us to see the pope's midnight Christmas mass in the Vatican. Cool thing to see even if you aren't catholic. Unfortunately, one of our A-gangers enjoyed too much wine at the dinner beforehand, and ended up puking in St. Peter's. I remember the whole bus singing "Silent Night" on the ride back to Naples, and realizing how much it sucked being away from home on Christmas.

Incidentally, that was a few days after the Pan Am 103 flight was blown up over Scotland. Turned out that one of our crewmembers was related to one of the pilots on that flight.

12/24/2011 3:33 PM

 
Anonymous ssnret said...

24 years and only 1 Christmas away from home. Return to SD from WestPac on the 23rd my third Navy Christmas. Had Santa and elf to greet kids. Elf still had a case of Olongapo Love Drip. Christmas Duty Day On Shore Duty. Power was out at the house so took the wife and sons and all the gifts in with me. Neighbor called late afternoon to report power back. CMC and wife brought Christmas dinner to Duty Section. 1994 the last one and it was spent climbing Gibralter. Very fortunate. To all the guys who missed Christmas with the family Thanks for covering for me and mine. To all those still covering, Extra Thanks and we still think about you and yours. Merry Christmas, Happy Hannukah, and the Best to you and yours. To those who Stand and Wait an extra share of Plum Pudding and a nations Thanks.

12/24/2011 10:26 PM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Somehow I was lucky to never be underway for Christmas while in the Navy. The most memorable thing was the Topside watch called away a security alert for a suspicious individual wearing a red suit and had a beard. He dreamed it up on the spur of the moment and did it. So there we are topside with billy clubs, wrenches and moments later with firearms.

That same boat five days later, I had the duty and at midnight, I cut in air to the ships whistle and gave it a long blast.

12/25/2011 9:01 AM

 
Blogger DaveG said...

Nice! I never made it into the Navy (although I was being chased by the recruiters to be a nuke attendee on a sub), but it seemed like it -- I spent at least 10 years worth of Christmases on Guam. My family would have many of our Navy friends and family over to our home for Christmas (if they were able to have shore leave). My dad was a sailor on an LST (Large Slow Target) in WWII, and spent a lot of time on the beaches and reefs of the Pacific--so he had a great affinity toward offering our home as a holiday gathering place for the military on Guam.

You've got a lot of great stories here--have you considered compiling them into a book? It's fascinating information.

I'd like to mention your blog on my Squidoo website that I've created on submarines. I'm also linking to you from my blogspot blogs.

12/25/2011 7:42 PM

 
Blogger Martan and Kyle said...

On Christmas day on the Pittsburgh in Bahrain somewhere about 2002. We tied up to the barge that is tied to the pier and were setting up topside when the generator on the barge caught fire. We manned hose teams in OBA's and went to fight the fire. The barge guys wouldn't let us in to fight it and we thought they were crazy! Finally they shut the door and turned on the Halon system... Fire was out in no time! Fun times.

12/25/2011 10:28 PM

 
Anonymous write my essay said...

Very interesting post! Thanks for it.

12/26/2011 11:30 AM

 
Anonymous Anonymous said...

SEVEN patrols underway at Christmas. We had it down to a science - store all the packages outboard the CO's cabin. Had written my daughter illustrated letters every duty day during refit in Rota, Tender chaplain mailed them for me. (It was really touching to see her showing them to my grandaughter) Made the mistake of having fresh flowers delivered to my wife for Christmas one year - the rest of the wives found out about it and I was in deep chimkhee.

12/27/2011 8:58 PM

 
Blogger Old Salt said...

STSC- I remember that little service, and learning about Hannuka from this experience. Hope you are well this holiday

12/29/2011 12:44 AM

 
Anonymous essay writing said...

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Anonymous Anonymous said...

Early in our marriage, my wife would travel to Indiana to stay with her folks when I went underway since she pretty much knew the boomer schedule. One year we pulled into Kings Bay for a surprise, mid-patrol break, right at Christmas Eve for a couple days. This was in the days of family grams, so she didn't know I was home until I got home. So, on my day off I went to our empty house and slept. I'll never forget that Christmas.

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Westminster has an historic joint claim to a major role in the development of Association Football,[106] which remains the school's largest sport. During the 1840s at both Westminster and Charterhouse, pupils' surroundings meant they were confined to playing their football in the cloisters,[107] making the rough and tumble of the handling game that was developing at other schools such as Rugby impossible, and necessitating a new code of rules.
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4/26/2012 9:08 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

The German cartel system (known as Konzerne), being significantly concentrated, was able to make more efficient use of capital. Germany was not weighted down with an expensive worldwide empire that needed defense. Following Germany's annexation of Alsace-Lorraine in 1871, it absorbed parts of what had been France's industrial base.
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4/28/2012 8:56 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

The colonial regime imposed more and higher taxes on Muslims than on Europeans[citation needed] . The Muslims, in addition to paying traditional taxes dating from before the French conquest, also paid new taxes, from which the colons were normally exempted. In 1909, for instance, Muslims, who made up almost 90% of the population but produced 20% of Algeria's income, paid 70% of direct taxes and 45% of the total taxes collected. And colons controlled how these revenues would be spent[citation needed] . As a result, colon towns had handsome municipal buildings, paved streets lined with trees, fountains and statues, while Algerian villages and rural areas benefited little if at all from tax revenues[citation needed] .
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4/29/2012 12:35 PM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

The most common method, however, is the one where a macron is used to indicate a long vowel, while a vowel without that accent is short. For example: ā versus a. The glottal stop (not present in all Polynesian languages, but where present it is one of the most common consonants) is indicated by an apostrophe. For example: 'a versus a. This is somewhat of an anomaly as the apostrophe is most often used to represent letters which have been omitted, while the glottal stop is rather a consonant which is not written. The problem can somewhat be alleviated by changing the simple apostrophe for a curly one, taking a
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4/29/2012 2:24 PM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System,[11] advancing heliophysics through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program,[12] exploring bodies throughout the Solar System with advanced robotic missions such as New Horizons
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4/30/2012 1:19 PM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

When the bilateral talks conclude, the working party sends to the general council or ministerial conference an accession package, which includes a summary of all the working party meetings, the Protocol of Accession (a draft membership treaty), and lists ("schedules") of the member-to-be's commitments. Once the general council or ministerial conference approves of the terms of accession, the applicant's parliament must ratify the Protocol of Accession before it can become a member.
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5/01/2012 5:27 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

The new version of that band, consisting of Corgan, Chamberlin, and a revolving tour lineup, released an album in 2007 and followed it with extensive touring over the next year and a half. Chamberlin left the Smashing Pumpkins in March 2009, while Corgan has continued to record and tour with a new lineup.
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5/01/2012 9:38 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

The depression led to the election of the first Labour government and the establishment of a comprehensive welfare state and a protectionist economy.[52] New Zealand experienced increasing prosperity following World War II[53] and Māori began to leave their traditional rural life and move to the cities in search of work.[54] A Māori protest movement developed, which criticised Eurocentrism and worked for greater recognition of Māori culture and the Treaty of Waitangi
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5/03/2012 3:22 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Historically, extractive industries have contributed strongly to New Zealand's economy, focussing at different times on sealing, whaling, flax, gold, kauri gum, and native timber.[177] With the development of refrigerated shipping in the 1880s meat and dairy products were exported to Britain, a trade which provided the basis for strong economic growth in New Zealand.[178] High demand for agricultural products from the United Kingdom and the United States helped New
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5/03/2012 4:26 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Juvenile Red-tailed Black Cockatoos resemble females until puberty, which occurs around four years of age, but have paler yellow barred underparts.[22] As the birds reach maturity, males gradually replace their yellow tail feathers with red ones; the complete process takes around four years.[37] As with other cockatoos, the Red-tailed Black Cockatoo can be very long-lived in
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5/04/2012 3:30 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Under this Act, an Action Statement for the recovery and future management of this species has been prepared.[58] However, it should also be noted that the Red-tailed Black-cockatoo is listed under this Act under its previous Latin name, Calyptorhynchus magnificus. On the 2007 advisory list of threatened vertebrate fauna in Victoria, this subspecies is listed as endangered.
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5/04/2012 6:24 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Hunting for food is still an important part of Tiwi life. On land, they hunt for wallaby, lizards, possums, carpet snakes, pig, buffalo, flying foxes, bandicoot, turtle and seagull eggs and magpie geese. From the sea they hunt for turtle, crocodiles, dugong and fish. Dancing or yoi as they call it, is a part of everyday life. Tiwi inherit their totemic dance from their mother.
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5/04/2012 9:02 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Goodale received her BA and MA from Radcliffe College and later her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania and held teaching positions at Barnard College, the University of Pennsylvania, and at the Darwin Institute of Technology. Goodale worked to bring attention and notability to the ethnographic research, dedicating her work and encouraging her students in the collection of facts and information on other cultures during a time when many felt the practice was outdated and ineffective.
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5/04/2012 9:06 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Goodale received her B.A in 1948 and M.A in 1951 from Radcliffe College. When she first started her undergraduate studies at Radcliffe University she intended to study medicine or Geography.[10] She was encouraged by classmate Carleton S. Coon who was also a Harvard Anthropologist and in her sophomore year she enrolled in Anthropology, a move that changed her life tremendously.[11] While still at Radcliffe University she cofounded the Harvard-Radcliffe Anthropology club with Robert Dyson and served as its first president.
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5/04/2012 9:12 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Sparks is an unincorporated community that is located in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. It is situated approximately 20 miles north of Baltimore, Maryland and is considered to be a suburb of the City of Baltimore. The Gunpowder River runs through Sparks.
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5/04/2012 9:41 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

5/04/2012 10:15 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. In 1680, other French explorers constructed a fort at the site of present day Peoria, and in 1682, a fort atop Starved Rock in today's Starved Rock State Park. As a result of this French exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British with their conquest of New
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5/04/2012 10:17 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Maharajah Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and was able to expand the kingdom to the Khyber Pass and also included Jammu and Kashmir, while keeping the British from expanding across the River Sutlej for more than 40 years. After his death in 1839 the
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5/04/2012 11:08 PM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Nearby countries with close ties to Britain that were never part of the Raj include Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, and the Maldive Islands.
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5/05/2012 4:52 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

Two new railway companies, Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR) and East Indian Railway (EIR) began in 1853-54 to construct and operate lines near Bombay and Calcutta. The first passenger railway line in North India between Allahabad and Kanpur opened in 1859.
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5/05/2012 5:58 AM

 
Blogger aloalo said...

India is a federation with a parliamentary system governed under the Constitution of India, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. It is a constitutional republic and representative democracy, in which "majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". Federalism in India defines the power distribution between the federal government and the states. The government abides by constitutional checks and balances.
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5/05/2012 9:45 AM

 

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